Rome of Italy needs no introduction to anyone. Hence, if you are planning to visit the noteworthy cities of Europe, this city needs to be on your list. This capital city of Italy is located in the Lazio region. It is also the fourth most populous city of the European Union. Located by the shores of the Tiber River, this city houses the Vatican City that is an independent country which is located within the city boundaries. The history of the region is one of the oldest in the world, spanning 28 centuries. The mythology of the place dates back to 753 BC, though the region had inhabitants even before that. The communities who have been indigenous to this region are Sabines, Etruscans and Latins. Having been the capital of the Roman kingdom, it is also deemed to be the birthplace of the western civilization.
Today it is known as a global city and one of the most visited cities of the world. The historic center of the city is a World Heritage Site. There are museums and monuments here such as the Colosseum and the Vatican museums. Today, Rome has several international businesses as well as is a design and fashion center due to several international brands having formed here.
While the list of places to see here are endless, here are the notable few that you should not miss. Among them Colosseum should top your list. This iconic Roman arena was a place where gladiator shows used to be held. This three tier monumental amphitheatre has guided tours today.
St. Peter’s Basilica should be your next stop when you are here. It is known to be the largest basilica for Christians. It is a Renaissance church that has architecture done by Michelangelo and can hold up to 200,000 worshippers.
Next, visit the Pantheon that is a Roman church that has historic tombs. This temple was built around 118 AD and the Renaissance tombs are a must visit in the premises of the church.
Roman Forum should be your next stop which has historic excavations. Several Roman government buildings, squares and Roman temples and their relics are seen here.
The Trevi Fountain is another iconic structure that falls on the way. It is a sculpted fountain that dates back to the eighteenth century with unique architectural aspects.